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html5文件上传插件Pure HTML5 file upload

HTML5上传教程:今天我们将开发一个HTML5表单的文件上传带进度条和预览(在客户端)。之前已经给了你jQuery为基础的解决方案,但今天的应用不需要jQuery。所有的纯HTML5 JavaScript制作。我要用FileReader(HTML5)来实现实时预览和要使用XMLHttpRequest发送数据到服务器。


好,下载的资源,让我们开始!


步骤1.HTML


在这个页面你可以看到上传图像的形式


index.html


<html >
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <title>Pure HTML5 file upload | Script Tutorials</title>
        <link href="css/main.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
        <script src="js/script.js"></script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <header>
            <h2>Pure HTML5 file upload</h2>          
        </header>
        <div>
            <div><h2>You can select the file (image) and click Upload button</h2></div>
            <div>
                <form id="upload_form" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post" action="upload.php">
                    <div>
                        <div><label for="image_file">Please select image file</label></div>
                        <div><input type="file" name="image_file" id="image_file" onchange="fileSelected();" /></div>
                    </div>
                    <div>
                        <input type="button" value="Upload" onclick="startUploading()" />
                    </div>
                    <div id="fileinfo">
                        <div id="filename"></div>
                        <div id="filesize"></div>
                        <div id="filetype"></div>
                        <div id="filedim"></div>
                    </div>
                    <div id="error">You should select valid image files only!</div>
                    <div id="error2">An error occurred while uploading the file</div>
                    <div id="abort">The upload has been canceled by the user or the browser dropped the connection</div>
                    <div id="warnsize">Your file is very big. We can't accept it. Please select more small file</div>
                    <div id="progress_info">
                        <div id="progress"></div>
                        <div id="progress_percent">&nbsp;</div>
                        <div></div>
                        <div>
                            <div id="speed">&nbsp;</div>
                            <div id="remaining">&nbsp;</div>
                            <div id="b_transfered">&nbsp;</div>
                            <div></div>
                        </div>
                        <div id="upload_response"></div>
                    </div>
                </form>
                <img id="preview" />
            </div>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

步骤2.CSS


CSS / main.css


我已经选择了所有必要的方式为我们的HTML5上传表单


.upload_form_cont {
    background: -moz-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%, #ffffff), color-stop(100%, #f2f2f2));
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#ffffff', endColorstr='#f2f2f2');
    -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#ffffff', endColorstr='#f2f2f2')";
    background: linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    color:#000;
    overflow:hidden;
}
#upload_form {
    float:left;
    padding:20px;
    width:700px;
}
#preview {
    background-color:#fff;
    display:block;
    float:right;
    width:200px;
}
#upload_form > div {
    margin-bottom:10px;
}
#speed,#remaining {
    float:left;
    width:100px;
}
#b_transfered {
    float:right;
    text-align:right;
}
.clear_both {
    clear:both;
}
input {
    border-radius:10px;
    -moz-border-radius:10px;
    -ms-border-radius:10px;
    -o-border-radius:10px;
    -webkit-border-radius:10px;
    border:1px solid #ccc;
    font-size:19px;
    padding:5px 10px;
}
input[type=button] {
    background: -moz-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
    background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%, #ffffff), color-stop(100%, #dfdfdf));
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
    filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#ffffff', endColorstr='#dfdfdf');
    -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#ffffff', endColorstr='#dfdfdf')";
    background: linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
}
#image_file {
    width:400px;
}
#progress_info {
    font-size:13px;
}
#fileinfo,#error,#error2,#abort,#warnsize {
    color:#aaa;
    display:none;
    font-size:13px;
    font-style:italic;
    margin-top:10px;
}
#progress {
    border:1px solid #ccc;
    display:none;
    float:left;
    height:14px;
    border-radius:10px;
    -moz-border-radius:10px;
    -ms-border-radius:10px;
    -o-border-radius:10px;
    -webkit-border-radius:10px;
    background: -moz-linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
    background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%, #66cc00), color-stop(100%, #4b9500));
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
    filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#66cc00', endColorstr='#4b9500');
    -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#66cc00', endColorstr='#4b9500')";
    background: linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
}
#progress_percent {
    float:right;
}
#upload_response {
    margin-top: 10px;
    padding: 20px;
    overflow: hidden;
    display: none;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    border-radius:10px;
    -moz-border-radius:10px;
    -ms-border-radius:10px;
    -o-border-radius:10px;
    -webkit-border-radius:10px;
    box-shadow: 0 0 5px #ccc;
    background: -moz-linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
    background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%, #bbb), color-stop(100%, #eee));
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
    filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#bbb', endColorstr='#eee');
    -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#bbb', endColorstr='#eee')";
    background: linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
}

步骤3. HTML5 JS


js/script.js


// common variables
var iBytesUploaded = 0;
var iBytesTotal = 0;
var iPreviousBytesLoaded = 0;
var iMaxFilesize = 1048576; // 1MB
var oTimer = 0;
var sResultFileSize = '';
function secondsToTime(secs) { // we will use this function to convert seconds in normal time format
    var hr = Math.floor(secs / 3600);
    var min = Math.floor((secs - (hr * 3600))/60);
    var sec = Math.floor(secs - (hr * 3600) -  (min * 60));
    if (hr < 10) {hr = "0" + hr; }
    if (min < 10) {min = "0" + min;}
    if (sec < 10) {sec = "0" + sec;}
    if (hr) {hr = "00";}
    return hr + ':' + min + ':' + sec;
};
function bytesToSize(bytes) {
    var sizes = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB'];
    if (bytes == 0) return 'n/a';
    var i = parseInt(Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(1024)));
    return (bytes / Math.pow(1024, i)).toFixed(1) + ' ' + sizes[i];
};
function fileSelected() {
    // hide different warnings
    document.getElementById('upload_response').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('error').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('error2').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('abort').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('warnsize').style.display = 'none';
    // get selected file element
    var oFile = document.getElementById('image_file').files[0];
    // filter for image files
    var rFilter = /^(image\/bmp|image\/gif|image\/jpeg|image\/png|image\/tiff)$/i;
    if (! rFilter.test(oFile.type)) {
        document.getElementById('error').style.display = 'block';
        return;
    }
    // little test for filesize
    if (oFile.size > iMaxFilesize) {
        document.getElementById('warnsize').style.display = 'block';
        return;
    }
    // get preview element
    var oImage = document.getElementById('preview');
    // prepare HTML5 FileReader
    var oReader = new FileReader();
        oReader.onload = function(e){
        // e.target.result contains the DataURL which we will use as a source of the image
        oImage.src = e.target.result;
        oImage.onload = function () { // binding onload event
            // we are going to display some custom image information here
            sResultFileSize = bytesToSize(oFile.size);
            document.getElementById('fileinfo').style.display = 'block';
            document.getElementById('filename').innerHTML = 'Name: ' + oFile.name;
            document.getElementById('filesize').innerHTML = 'Size: ' + sResultFileSize;
            document.getElementById('filetype').innerHTML = 'Type: ' + oFile.type;
            document.getElementById('filedim').innerHTML = 'Dimension: ' + oImage.naturalWidth + ' x ' + oImage.naturalHeight;
        };
    };
    // read selected file as DataURL
    oReader.readAsDataURL(oFile);
}
function startUploading() {
    // cleanup all temp states
    iPreviousBytesLoaded = 0;
    document.getElementById('upload_response').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('error').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('error2').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('abort').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('warnsize').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('progress_percent').innerHTML = '';
    var oProgress = document.getElementById('progress');
    oProgress.style.display = 'block';
    oProgress.style.width = '0px';
    // get form data for POSTing
    //var vFD = document.getElementById('upload_form').getFormData(); // for FF3
    var vFD = new FormData(document.getElementById('upload_form')); 
    // create XMLHttpRequest object, adding few event listeners, and POSTing our data
    var oXHR = new XMLHttpRequest();        
    oXHR.upload.addEventListener('progress', uploadProgress, false);
    oXHR.addEventListener('load', uploadFinish, false);
    oXHR.addEventListener('error', uploadError, false);
    oXHR.addEventListener('abort', uploadAbort, false);
    oXHR.open('POST', 'upload.php');
    oXHR.send(vFD);
    // set inner timer
    oTimer = setInterval(doInnerUpdates, 300);
}
function doInnerUpdates() { // we will use this function to display upload speed
    var iCB = iBytesUploaded;
    var iDiff = iCB - iPreviousBytesLoaded;
    // if nothing new loaded - exit
    if (iDiff == 0)
        return;
    iPreviousBytesLoaded = iCB;
    iDiff = iDiff * 2;
    var iBytesRem = iBytesTotal - iPreviousBytesLoaded;
    var secondsRemaining = iBytesRem / iDiff;
    // update speed info
    var iSpeed = iDiff.toString() + 'B/s';
    if (iDiff > 1024 * 1024) {
        iSpeed = (Math.round(iDiff * 100/(1024*1024))/100).toString() + 'MB/s';
    } else if (iDiff > 1024) {
        iSpeed =  (Math.round(iDiff * 100/1024)/100).toString() + 'KB/s';
    }
    document.getElementById('speed').innerHTML = iSpeed;
    document.getElementById('remaining').innerHTML = '| ' + secondsToTime(secondsRemaining);        
}
function uploadProgress(e) { // upload process in progress
    if (e.lengthComputable) {
        iBytesUploaded = e.loaded;
        iBytesTotal = e.total;
        var iPercentComplete = Math.round(e.loaded * 100 / e.total);
        var iBytesTransfered = bytesToSize(iBytesUploaded);
        document.getElementById('progress_percent').innerHTML = iPercentComplete.toString() + '%';
        document.getElementById('progress').style.width = (iPercentComplete * 4).toString() + 'px';
        document.getElementById('b_transfered').innerHTML = iBytesTransfered;
        if (iPercentComplete == 100) {
            var oUploadResponse = document.getElementById('upload_response');
            oUploadResponse.innerHTML = '<h1>Please wait...processing</h1>';
            oUploadResponse.style.display = 'block';
        }
    } else {
        document.getElementById('progress').innerHTML = 'unable to compute';
    }
}
function uploadFinish(e) { // upload successfully finished
    var oUploadResponse = document.getElementById('upload_response');
    oUploadResponse.innerHTML = e.target.responseText;
    oUploadResponse.style.display = 'block';
    document.getElementById('progress_percent').innerHTML = '100%';
    document.getElementById('progress').style.width = '400px';
    document.getElementById('filesize').innerHTML = sResultFileSize;
    document.getElementById('remaining').innerHTML = '| 00:00:00';
    clearInterval(oTimer);
}
function uploadError(e) { // upload error
    document.getElementById('error2').style.display = 'block';
    clearInterval(oTimer);
}  
function uploadAbort(e) { // upload abort
    document.getElementById('abort').style.display = 'block';
    clearInterval(oTimer);
}

步骤 4. PHP


upload.php


<?php
function bytesToSize1024($bytes, $precision = 2) {
    $unit = array('B','KB','MB');
    return @round($bytes / pow(1024, ($i = floor(log($bytes, 1024)))), $precision).' '.$unit[$i];
}
$sFileName = $_FILES['image_file']['name'];
$sFileType = $_FILES['image_file']['type'];
$sFileSize = bytesToSize1024($_FILES['image_file']['size'], 1);
echo <<<EOF
<p>Your file: {$sFileName} has been successfully received.</p>
<p>Type: {$sFileType}</p>
<p>Size: {$sFileSize}</p>
EOF;

function bytesToSize1024($bytes, $precision = 2) {
$unit = array('B','KB','MB');
return @round($bytes / pow(1024, ($i = floor(log($bytes, 1024)))), $precision).' '.$unit[$i];
}
$sFileName = $_FILES['image_file']['name'];
$sFileType = $_FILES['image_file']['type'];
$sFileSize = bytesToSize1024($_FILES['image_file']['size'], 1);
echo <<

Your file: {$sFileName} has been successfully received.


Type: {$sFileType}


Size: {$sFileSize}


EOF;
正如你所看到的,我不上传文件。但是,‘echo’ 返回所有接受文件的信息。这些信息将会出现在我们`
`元素。